IELTS Listening – Note Filling – Exercise 2

Listen and complete the notes with ONE WORD ONLY. Write down your answers in the comment section.

Plants that changed the world

Prehistory: flowering plants

  • arrived about 130 million years ago
  • became an essential source of 1 __________

2737 BC: tea

  • discovered in China, played a key role in USA, China & UK
  • led to financial problems in Britain – Chinese ruler insisted all tea was paid for with 2 _________, which had to be sourced from other countries.

202 BC: White Mulberry

  • in demand from 202 BC when it was essential in the production of 3 _____________
  • trade routes led to the spread of different 4 ______________ but also made more people ill and encouraged the exchange of dangerous products (e.g. 5 ____________)

16th century: the potato

  • originated in Central and South America, brought to Europe by the 6 ___________
  • it was rapidly accepted because it was cheap and contained lots of 7 ____________
  • helped prevent one specific 8 _____________
  • 1845 – 1849 – large-scale failure of potato crops led to a million deaths in Ireland and the
  • 9 _______________ of another million people.

IELTS Listening – Note Filling – Exercise 1

Listen to the recording and complete the summary below with ONE WORD ONLY. Write down your answers in the Comment section. 


Paul was interested in the 1 __________________ so took an ecology course at university. The course included a section on 2 _____________ and an interesting lecture caused him to quickly change his degree.

Paul says working in paleontology can be difficult and he describes the conditions as 3 ____________. However, the discovery of a 4 _______________ from an ancient animal made him realize he had made the right choice.


IELTS Listening – Matching Exercise

You are going to hear a group of students talking about their Natural Earth presentation. Listen and match the tasks 1-5 with the person who will do them (a-c). 

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IELTS Listening – Listen to Directions

You are going to hear two young people discussing what there is for university students to do in their town. Listen and write the names of the places 1-5 from the map.


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IELTS Listening – Multiple-Choices Exercise

Listen to the recording and choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

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Listening to main ideas – Family & Children

ielts-class-listening-family-childrenIn order to listen to details, first you have to be able to catch the main ideas of a lecture, or a conversation, etc.

Yesterday I posted a recording about “How children learn to behave” (click here if you want to listen to it).

Here are some main ideas of the lecture:

The lecturer focuses on three of the ways that children acquire their behaviour: through rewards, punishments, and modelling.

Award can be defined as a positive reinforcement for good behaviour. Most parents reward their children unconsciously.

Punishments are the second important way in which a child is socialised. All of us have probably been punished in our lives.

Both rewards and punishments are controversial. Some people think that children should not be rewarded for doing something that is their responsibility. Similarly, the lecturer doesn’t think that banging can teach children anything.  Children who come from homes where violence is used to solve problems are much more likely to abuse their own children when they become adults and have their own families.

The third way that children are taught to act is through modelling. Modeling is probably the most powerful way that children learn social skills. Children’s first role models are their parents. Parents can set a good example by showing children the kind of behavior they expect.

Parents are not the only people teaching children. Other family members and friends are also models. Children learn from each other, from their teachers, and from society itself. TV can send children a lot of negative messages.

Conclusion: The most important thing for children is to grow up in an environment where there are fair rules that are clearly established and followed consistently by everyone. If the child knows what the expectations are, he or she will find it much easier to acquire ‘good behavior.’ And if the child is loved and exposed to strong, positive role models, the child will quickly begin to grow in a healthy way.


Learn more about Family & Children:

IELTS Vocabulary – Family

IELTS Reading – Family


IELTS Listening – Family & Children


Doing practice tests is not enough to improve your listening skills. You should listen to a wide variety of sources and choose the topics of your interest. I believe that learning language can enrich your life in many ways.

The following is an extract from a lecture about “How children learn social behaviour” (Academic Listening Encounters, 2004). Listen to the recording and take note as you listen. You can read the main ideas I’ve written down here after completing your note.



If you want to read more about Family, you can try my recommendations here.

If you want to learn more vocabulary about Family, you can try this exercise.

Have fun learning English!